Disasters do discriminate. They tend to disproportionately affect the most vulnerable, especially the poorest. This is why the Sendai Framework calls for an all-of-society engagement and partnership. Governments should engage with relevant stakeholders, including women, children and youth, persons with disabilities, poor people, migrants, indigenous peoples, volunteers, the community of practitioners and older persons in the design and implementation of policies, plans and standards. 

A gender, age, disability and cultural perspective should be integrated in all policies and practices, and women and youth leadership should be

Themes


Children drink from a well in Bangladesh
Children and Youth

Empowering young people is the world’s best chance of building resilient communities as they comprise the largest and most interconnected generation in history. Yet, young people are particularly vulnerable to disasters. Contributing as powerful change actors and resilience-builders, young people must be part of disaster risk reduction action

Disability Inclusion
Disability Inclusion

Persons with disabilities are often disproportionally affected by disasters and have different and uneven levels of resilience and capacity to recover. Many are socially or logistically isolated and lack access to evacuation warnings and appropriate transportation for themselves, for those who care for them and any medical equipment necessary for their well-being.

Gender responsive DRR Hero image
Gender

Women, girls, boys, men, and people of diverse gender identities have distinct vulnerabilities in each context that shape the way that they experience and recover from disaster impacts. Effective disaster risk reduction requires meaningful and diverse participation, engagement and leadership, through an inclusive and accessible, all-of-society approach.

Women leaders
Women's Leadership

Women’s participation in decision-making is enshrined in international human rights frameworks including the Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination Against Women, yet there is still great disparity in the number of women playing a leadership role in disaster risk management.

Special-Representative of the Secretary General for Disaster Risk Reduction

quotation-first-icon
Nothing lays bare inequality and discrimination like a disaster. It is this inequality and exclusion which drives vulnerability.
quotation-first-icon

Mami Mizutori, Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Disaster Risk Reduction

Of the 1.47 billion people who are exposed to flood risk, 89 percent live in low- and middle-income countries

 

World Bank, 2020

Vulnerability


Vulnerability is the human dimension of disasters and is the result of the range of economic, social, cultural, institutional, political and psychological factors that shape people’s lives and the environment that they live in. 

More about vulnerability 

Disaggregated data


Guidance on Sendai Framework Monitor (SFM)

To better understand how disasters impact different members of a community, the Sendai Framework calls for “the open exchange and dissemination of disaggregated data, including by sex, age and disability”. To date, many challenges hinder the collection of disaggregated data such as additional costs, time and resources, data privacy concerns, and outdated data infrastructure.

Guidance on Sendai Framework Monitor (SFM) Sex, Age and Disability Disaggregated Data (SADDD)

News on Inclusion