Developing National Disaster Risk Reduction Strategies



Strategies to reduce risk and build resilience


In the twenty years between 1998 and 2017 sudden onset disasters killed 1.3 million people and affected another 4.4 billion. Geophysical events, such as earthquakes and tsunamis, were responsible for most fatalities. But climate-related events - such as storms, floods, droughts, heatwaves, and other extreme weather events - accounted for 91 percent of all disasters. These disasters reverse hard-won development gains and can wreck peoples’ lives in irreversible ways. Unless we take action, climate change will cause even more death and destruction.


This 2019 Words into Action guide on Developing National Disaster Risk Reduction Strategies offers guidance for both policy-makers and practitioners to develop national strategies that will reduce the risk and build resilience.


Affected by
disasters between
1998 and 2017




people were left injured, homeless,
displaced, or in need of emergency

Source: UNDRR

World Bank


US$ 520


real cost of these disasters each year.

Source: World Bank






advised by UNDRR to create
a national strategy
on disaster risk reduction.

Developing a National DRR Strategy

Learn about 10 steps UNDRR recommends to guide and support the development of an effective national disaster risk reduction strategy.

Q&A with Mami Mizutori

The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction has 7 global targets; what is the significance of Target (e)?

Mami Mizutori

An introduction to the WORDs INTO ACTION guidelines

Disasters wreck people’s lives in irreversible ways. In this podcast, Mami Mizutori, the Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General for Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR), Cape Verde’s national DRR head Captain Reinaldo Rodrigues and other experts discuss how countries can align disaster risk reduction with the Sendai Framework, saving lives, reducing economic impacts and fostering an environment of inclusion.


Success Stories


Afghanistan mainstreams disaster risk reduction into different sectors, including agriculture, livestock, fisheries, health, education, tourism, infrastructure, and more.


In Chile, the National Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction coordinates more than 120 agencies.


Mongolia’s Making Cities Resilience campaign connects national and local strategies.


Mozambique’s strategic gender plan ensures the equal participation of women and men in disaster risk reduction.


Namibia mainstreams disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation in a single national strategy. The strategy includes performance indicators, a timeframe, and initial elements for budgeting.


Tonga combines climate change and disaster risk in a single action plan.

Words into Action

All the guides in the series

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