Focus on Drought
Within the next 80 years, 129 countries will experience an increase in drought exposure mainly due to climate change alone, and 38 countries primarily due to the interaction between climate change and population growth (Smirnov et al., 2016) The way in which we understand and manage drought risk is directly linked to our ability to meet the targets of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction.
The GAR Special Report on Drought 2021 calls for immediate action to reduce drought risks. Thinking ahead and acting in advance of drought has far lower costs than reacting and responding to the impacts once drought hits.
across Africa and the Middle East came to the brink of starvation in 2017, when drought led to the worst humanitarian crisis since the Second World War.
OF THE WORLD
will be living under “water-stressed” conditions by 2025 – when demand outstrips supply.
Prevention has far lower human, financial and environmental costs than reaction and response.
Increased understanding of complex systemic risks and improved risk governance can lead to effective action on drought risk.
Drought resilience partnerships at the national and local levels will be critical to managing drought in a warming world where rainfall will become ever more unpredictable.
A mechanism for drought management at the international and national levels could help address the complex and cascading nature of drought risk.
Financial systems and services must evolve to encourage cooperative approaches, promote social protection mechanisms and encourage risk transfer and contingent financing.
New pathways are needed to encourage the inclusion of indigenous and local knowledge and the effective sharing of drought risk management experiences.