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Qualitive assessment of critical infrastructure in Costa Rica
The analysis presented in this document aims to provide a picture of the state of critical infrastructure in Costa Rica based on a qualitative assessment applying the Principles of Resilient Infrastructure. Agreed with the National Commission of Risk Prevention and Emergency Response (CNE), the sectors analyzed are (i) electricity, (ii) oil, (iii) roads and bridges, (iv) railways, (v) water and sanitation, (vi) health, (vii) education, and (viii) the postal service.
Overall, it is challenging to provide an assessment for all the sectors together as there seems to be important differences between them. The electric energy, health and postal service sectors seem to be better positioned. Their internal plans, tools, structures evidence efforts that incorporate the concept of resiliency. In the case of electric energy, these results are congruent with the results of the 2019 Global Competitiveness Index, mentioned at the beginning of section V. On the other hand, sectors such education and water and sanitation seem to be facing challenges, some of them linked to governance and management issues.