Environment & Ecosystems

UN peacekeeper carrying a infant whose family was impacted by flooding in Haiti in 2007
The Laos dam collapse, the massive flooding in Iran last year, and the quarter of a million people displaced by drought in Afghanistan. These might seem like isolated events, but they all have one thing in common; they are disasters that could have been prevented. Prevention is at the core of disaster risk reduction, which aims to help communities and countries address underlying risk factors and build resilience.
Rohingya refugees working on FAO's slope stabilization programme in the Cox's Bazar camps
During last year's monsoon season, over 40,000 Rohingya refugees were affected by landslides and floods. UN agencies, Bangladesh Red Crescent and other NGO partners are working to reduce disaster risk in the camps with a strong focus on the environment.
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations - Headquarters
International Union for the Conservation of Nature
United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction

Health inequality and environmental justice are two crucial issues concerning informal waste management, and they need suitable data and decisive policy-related remediation to face and solve the extreme exposure and inequities of local communities.


The increased number of intense heat waves and wildfires that has been recorded in recent years on a global basis has raised great concerns; it is apparent that the projected climatic changes may affect such hazards to a large extent in the future. Each

The Earth’s natural ecosystems and physical environment in which communities live are rapidly deteriorating and, in turn, increasing the risk of premature morbidity and mortality of people worldwide. Hydrometeorological hazards are concentrating

Visual representation of cascading risk (c)UNDRR/James Brown, GAR2019
The UN Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNDRR), the European Centre of Excellence for Countering Hybrid Threats (Hybrid CoE) and the Ministry of the Interior for Finland have joined together to develop a new stress test tool that will help countries understand and improve their ability to reduce risk of hybrid threats and cascading disaster scenarios.

Due to rapid urbanization and industrialization, modifications in land use pattern have brought about irreversible anthropogenic aggravations to the hydrological forms. This can be attributed to the impervious land surfaces in the urban area which

Fire prevention covers controlling both fire hazards and fire risks. Preventing wildfires through controlling the quantity or arrangement of forest fuels can be a solution. Fuelbreaks are a common method of applying hazard reduction. Fuelbreaks are man

Groundwater is a de-facto source of water during drought and emergencies. In a broader perspective, the traditional short-term strategy of using groundwater to combat water deficits during drought needs revisiting. The objective of this paper is to