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In 2016 the United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR) commissioned the development of guidelines on national disaster risk assessment (NDRA) as part of a series of thematic guidelines under its “Words into Action” initiative to support national implementation of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030.  The present G…
This document is the eleventh in a series of special topics for consideration, as part of the Words into Action Guidelines on National Disaster Risk Assessment published by UNISDR. This section provides a general introduction to inclusive risk assessment, which pays special consideration for marginalized and vulnerable populations such as women (and gen…
This report evaluates total disaster-related economic losses and fatalities between 1998 and 2017. The report finds that between 1998 and 2017, climate-related and geophysical disasters killed 1.3 million people and left a further 4.4 billion injured, homeless, displaced or in need of emergency assistance. While the majority of fatalities were due to ge…
In order to ensure that policies, plans and activities that are aimed at building resilience are effective, it is important that they are informed by the priorities of those most at risk. Local people have critical knowledge on the risks they face and only when this is utilised will policies, plans and actions to build resilience be effective. It is wi…
In the aftermath of disasters, local governments are primarily responsible for implementing quick recovery programs, including the relocation of affected people from areas at risk to safer places, rehabilitation of destroyed infrastructure, as well as the recovery of health, livelihood, social security and protection. The concerns of local administratio…
It is estimated more than 150,000 people die from fires or burn-related injuries every year. Over 95% of fire deaths and burn injuries are in low- and middle-income countries. Meanwhile, urban growth is said to be one of the 21st century’s most transformative trends, posing massive sustainability challenges in terms of housing, infrastructure and basic…
This work introduces the state of informal settlements in Latin America and the Caribbean based on a comprehensive review of recent reports on urban development from national governments. The authors explore potential relationships between informal settlements and national policies on urban development and disaster risk reduction, especially on how risk…
The world is becoming a more dangerous place to live. According to the Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters (CRED), “average mortality for all types of natural disasters increased to 69,800 per year in the decade 2006-2015, up from 64,900 between 1996 and 2005”. But for whom is this world more dangerous? CRED (2016) reports that in terms…
Children and youth under age 30 currently make up more than half the world’s population. They are the ones who will benefit most from reducing disaster risk and impacts, curtailing climate chaos and achieving the global Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). As this Words into Action (WiA) guide illustrates, their contributions are already making a diffe…
COVID-19 is both a health pandemic that is killing thousands and a socio-economic crisis that is threatening the welfare of millions. Although the pandemic affects people across all walks of life, certain groups are more impacted than others. This brief, developed by the UN Office for Disaster Risk Reduction, Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific,…