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Artificially manufactured humus materials, a humic substance that forms in soil after plant matter decays in nature, are beneficial to managing slopes and preventing disasters in public infrastructure projects. Recently, humus technology was used in national roadside slope stabilization works in Kagoshima prefecture and Kyoto prefecture. Furthermore, th…
Wildfire outbreaks in West Africa during the last decade have become a huge challenge towards biodiversity, soil fertility, fora and fauna, agricultural sector development and the promotion of traditional medicine in this zone, and they facilitate land degradation as well. This is because large wildfire outbreaks have destroyed tonnes of forests and far…
Groundwater is a de-facto source of water during drought and emergencies. In a broader perspective, the traditional short-term strategy of using groundwater to combat water deficits during drought needs revisiting. The objective of this paper is to examine the relevance and options for developing and adopting such groundwater-based natural infrastructur…
Fire prevention covers controlling both fire hazards and fire risks. Preventing wildfires through controlling the quantity or arrangement of forest fuels can be a solution. Fuelbreaks are a common method of applying hazard reduction. Fuelbreaks are man-made areas with a reduced fuel load that act as barriers to stop or slow down fire spread. They are al…
Due to rapid urbanization and industrialization, modifications in land use pattern have brought about irreversible anthropogenic aggravations to the hydrological forms. This can be attributed to the impervious land surfaces in the urban area which increases the runoff component. The increased runoff along with diminishing percolation and reduction in th…
The increased number of intense heat waves and wildfires that has been recorded in recent years on a global basis has raised great concerns; it is apparent that the projected climatic changes may affect such hazards to a large extent in the future. Each year, wildfires result in high mortality rates and property losses, especially in the wildland urban…
Health inequality and environmental justice are two crucial issues concerning informal waste management, and they need suitable data and decisive policy-related remediation to face and solve the extreme exposure and inequities of local communities. In this context, the "REPAiR, REsource Management in Peri-urban AReas. Going beyond Urban Metabolism" pro…
Explore the multimedia version Some of the most important risks faced by humankind today are environment-related: extreme weather, biodiversity loss, natural hazards, and human-made environmental disasters. In large part, the rising risks are the result of environmental degradation occurring worldwide due to increased human activity. However, these ris…
Ecosystems act as a buffer against hazards, preventing disaster and reducing disaster impact on people, critical infrastructure and basic services. Conservation, restoration and the sustainable use and management of land, wetlands, ocean, and other natural resources strengthen disaster and climate risk management. The most vulnerable people in many coun…