Americas

Children run in the courtyard outside Barbuda Primary School
On March 11, 2011 a 9.1 Magnitude undersea earthquake triggered a tsunami that engulfed more than 200 square miles of coastal land in northeast Japan. The world watched as TV news broadcast footage of 30-foot tsunami waves laying waste to entire towns
Warning sign reading "Tsunami hazard zone"
From blowing conch shells to ringing church bells and sending mobile phone alerts, Caribbean countries are looking at high and low-tech ways to alert citizens to run for safety in the face of tsunamis which could wreak havoc on unprepared communities.
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United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction – Regional Office for the Americas and the Caribbean
Departamento de Defesa Civil de Campinas
Coordenadoria Estadual de Defesa Civil, Governo do Estado de São Paulo
Campinas
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United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction – Regional Office for the Americas and the Caribbean
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Office in Latin America and the Caribbean
Cusco
United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction - New York UNHQ Liaison Office
Permanent Mission of Japan to the United Nations - New York
United Nations Development Programme
Permanent Mission of Indonesia to the United Nations, New York
Permanent Mission of Chile to the United Nations, New York
Permanent Mission of Republic of Maldives to the United Nations, New York
Permanent Mission of Norway to the United Nations, New York
Permanent Mission of Australia to the United Nations, New York
Permanent Mission of Peru to the United Nations, New York
New York
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United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction – Regional Office for the Americas and the Caribbean
Office of Disaster Preparedness and Emergency Management
Jamaica - government
Kingston
National Emergency Management Organisation
ARISE
United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction – Regional Office for the Americas and the Caribbean
India - government
United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction
New York
Hurricane Dorian as a category five storm viewed from space - NASA image
Hurricane Dorian crystallizes the existential threat posed to small island developing states by the ongoing climate emergency, says UNDRR chief, Mami Mizutori

Climate change has had serious consequences at global and local levels and has required more effective scientific studies and management measures for disaster risk reduction strategies. In this sense, public managers should consider strategies that